Law & Politics
Environmental Law and Justice
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Environmental Law and Justice

Middlesex University
London, Great Britain
1276 Points
1 Year

Program Description

The devastation of the environment and ecosystems is of increasing concern across the world. In addition to the impact of climate change and reduced biodiversity, both legal and illegal economic activity is a challenge to legal frameworks and agencies at national and international levels of governance.

This master's degree has been designed to tackle these issues and equip students with high-level knowledge and skills to enable them to develop professional careers in the environmental sector.

Successful completion of the course will ensure you have the required practical skills and knowledge applicable to careers in environmental policy and enforcement, with an emphasis on employability and engagement with contemporary environmental debates.

Our academic staff, including criminologist Dr Angus Nurse, who has both research and professional experience in the environmental crime area, European policy specialist Dr Meri Juntti, renowned gender and development expert Dr Sarah Bradshaw specialist in human rights law and Head of the School of Law, is an expert in her respective fields who uses her impressive research portfolio to inform her teaching.

In the course of their work with NGOs such as the United Kingdom Environmental Law Association, the League Against Cruel Sports, Humane Society International and WWF (all of whom have attended environmental policy events hosted at Middlesex), we have developed a comprehensive understanding of the key skills and knowledge needed for graduates wishing to develop or maintain careers in environmental justice and law enforcement.

You will also have a number of opportunities to gain practical work experience through three different work placement modules offered as options through the programme. One of these enables you to apply to undertake an Erasmus-funded internship with an international organisation in an appropriate field based in another European country.

Entry Requirements

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Bachelor's Degree
Degree from State Technical Insitute (TEI)
English Level
Michigan Proficiency (ECPE)
Cambridge Proficiency (CPE)
Cambridge Advanced (CAE)
International Baccalaureate
Pearson Test of Academic Engl.
TOEFL (internet based)
Required Documents
Certified Copy of the Degree Certificate/Diploma
Certified Copy of the English Certification
ID Certified Copy
Passport Certified Copy
Personal Statement - Motivation Letter
Detailed Transcript
Academic Reference Letter (1st)
Student Visa
Academic Reference Letter (2nd)

Information about qualifications:

  • A degree in an appropriate subject

Other accepted qualifications:

  • A degree, or equivalent qualification

Alternative English language requirements:

  • ESB ESOL International: Level 2‐Step 1
  • European Baccalaureate Language 1: Grade 7.0
  • European Baccalaureate Language 2: Grade 7.0
  • Language Cert International ESOL B2 SELT (SELT version ONLY): B2 High Pass overall and min 33/50 in each skill
  • Duolingo: Overall 110

More information:

  • If you have relevant qualifications or work experience, academic credit may be awarded towards your Middlesex University programme of study.


Environmental Policy and Ethics

This core module on the MA Environmental Law and Justice aims to provide you with the skills and knowledge to understand contemporary environmental policy and the ethical challenges that it needs to address. The module also gives you an understanding of environmental responsibility, considering policy and social constructs on caring for the environment and different contexts on being accountable for harm or environmental wrongdoing.

In this part of the course you’ll get the chance to critically examine ethical traditions and how these traditions inform particular forms of environmental policy and action; in particular the conflicts between continued exploitation of the environment and the contemporary environmental protection ‘movement’. Examining contemporary notions of environmental citizenship, the module examines rights and contracts based traditions including ethical issues associated with the ‘Commons’ and the notion of public ownership and responsibility for the environment.

It also considers the relationship between individual and collective responsibility exploring in detail the role of Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in developing environmental policy, monitoring environmental abuses and advocating for change in environmental law and policy and increased corporate environmental responsibility. In this module you’ll combine study of the legal, social, business, economic, and political aspects which influence and determine contemporary environmental policy.

It considers ethical questions such as: To what extent do humans have a right to exploit nature in order to live? Should animals’ interests be a core factor in environmental policy? Should ownership be given over natural resources allowing commercial exploitation and manipulation of natural resources?

Once you’ve completed this module you’ll have gained a critical understanding of contemporary environmental policy issues and the manner in which ethical considerations inform environmental policy. - (20 Credits) Compulsory

Environmental Crime and Green Criminology

This core module on the MA Environmental Law and Justice critically evaluates perspectives on green criminology, and crimes against the environment (including animals). It considers contemporary perspectives on green offending, the regulation of environmental problems, and global perspectives on green crimes, green criminality and the effectiveness of justice systems in resolving environmental problems. It also adopts a critical approach to theoretical debates on animal rights, the legal personhood of animals, and the tension between the continued exploitation of natural resources and the prosecution of environmental crime.

In this module you will also critically examine the link between environmental offending and mainstream crimes, including the link between violence towards animals and violence towards humans and the extent to which corporate environmental crime constitutes a ‘crime of the powerful’ or a corporate-state crime. The module will require you to critically examine theoretical concepts and practical considerations in environmental justice and consider how examining environmental harms inevitably results in a wider definition of green ‘crime’ than simply considering those activities defined as such by the criminal law.

The module will also help you to develop knowledge and skills appropriate to working in the environmental justice sector with NGOs, local authorities and other policy and enforcement bodies. - (20 Credits) Compulsory

Environmental Law and Governance

This module will provide you with an in-depth understanding of environmental governance and the central theoretical approaches on which its principles are based. You’ll be introduced to the idea of the governance spectrum ranging from a coercive mode and legal instruments to approaches that rely on the agency and knowledge of environmental resource users themselves. Various environmental policy instruments will be explored in depth, and lecture content will be supported by case studies drawing from the tutors’ research on green criminology and European environmental policy.

You’ll also complete either a field trip or a role play exercise and workshops designed to help you learn how to apply governance principles to real life environmental policy problems. - (20 Credits) Compulsory

Research and Practice Skills

This module prepares you to complete either a dissertation or an assessed work placement or a work based learning project. You will attend a series of lectures and workshops and online exercises address research methodologies, skills and employability. You will undertake a series of formative and summative assessments developing your critical and practical skills and leading to either; i) the production of a research proposal or ii) a critical review of the work of the organization you are to be placed with or work with.

The satisfactory completion of the module will then allow you to proceed to writing a dissertation of 10-12,000 words or to embark on a work placement assessed by production of a project report / paper and exercises reflecting on your experience. - (20 Credits) Compulsory


This programme is developed to provide you with the in-depth knowledge and practical skills to support your continual professional development and to further your employment and career prospects in the environmental policy and enforcement field.

In particular, the course is suitable for those wishing to gain employment or achieve career progression within:

  • environmental NGOs
  • government environment agencies
  • local authority environment departments
  • environmental advocacy
  • policy organisations

The skills gained in the programme are suitable to career pathways in:

  • environmental investigations
  • environmental policy
  • environmental advocacy
  • environmental monitoring
  • environmental protection research

It is also suited to students wishing to progress from undergraduate study in green criminology and environmental justice to postgraduate study and academic careers in green scholarship and academic advocacy.

The Programme Leader and other contributors to the programme in the department will work alongside the employability office to facilitate your future career decisions. As well as access to the University's Employability Service you will be provided career guidance including on how to enter and pass recruitment processes for national and international organisations.

Staff members teaching on the programme include world-renowned scholars who combine instruction in core topics with the fruits of their current research. Students will benefit from their networks of contacts, notably as regards internship opportunities in national and international organisations such as the United Nations.


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